Artstory Advisors | Interior Design Terms
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Interior Design Terms

INTERIOR DESIGN TERMS GLOSSARY

Accessory
Decorative objects of art, lighting, plants, area rugs, wall decorations added to the interior to enhance and reinforce the design style.

 

Accordion fold

Tailored, pleated fabric with uniform exterior & interior appearance. (zigzag configuration)

 

Acetate

Manufactured cellulose acetate textile fiber with fast drying, wrinkle & shrink resistance

 

Acrylic

Plastic resins to make synthetic fibers as coating or to bind pigment

 

Acrylic Coated

Fabric coated with resin for waterproofing

 

A&D

Architecture and Design

 

Advancing Colors

Warm or dark colors that make surfaces appear closer or larger

 

Adhesive

Tacky material, glue like, mastic, paste, cement to secure one object to another.

 

Alligator Skin

Printed or embossed fabric simulating the alligator skin

 

Anodize

A chemical process where a coating is etched onto metal

 

Anthropometric

The study of human measurements

 

Antique

All items that exists within or over 100 years (items, buildings, furniture)

 

Applique

Decorations sewn onto or added on an existing surface; section of a wood that has been pre-cut, then glued and tacked to the main body parts of the furniture

 

Apron

Horizontal member or decorative band mounted below a work surface, attached to side vertical elements for stability and support; raised panel below a window seal

 

Arabesque

A pattern with multiple interlaced flowers, foliage, fruits, urns, and scrolls, often symmetric plaster castings adhered to wood doors and framed wall panels

 

Armoire

A large cabinet or wardrobe; can be converted to entertainment or computer center

 

Astragal

A small convex molding, like a repetitive beaded details

 

Aubusson

Named after a French village, these are handmade area rugs & tapestries for walls, featuring figures & scenic landscapes

Bachelor’s Chest
A small, low, wooden cabinet w/ drawers & a top surface for writing

 

Backsplash
A vertical area behind a counter w/ or w/o sink, 4″(partial splash) -18″ (full backsplash)

 

Baker’s table
English marble-topped table, w/ decorative open iron base use for cooking pastry, 32-33″ high

 

Baluster
A small, heavily proportioned pillar used for vertical support of a railing. (vern: balustre, barandilla)

 

Venetian balcony
A column form of turned wood, twisted or tapered form or vase-shaped column

 

Balustrade
A railing composed of a series of balusters, bottom rail or top handrail; also used in smaller scale for furniture embellishments

 

Balloon Shade
Fabric shade when raised, has a gathered bottom edge; it forms like a balloon

 

Banding
Inlay or marquetry technique producing a contrast on the surface of the wood furniture

 

Banquette
A built-in or free-standing upholstered bench

 

Batting
Thin layers of natural or synthetic cloth used to line cushions, pillows, quilts, & crafts

 

Bauhaus
A 20th century design school; promotes practical, theoretical, and influential art, craft, and architecture

 

Bead
A small round ball made of a variety of materials with a center hole; that can be sewn or strung onto a cord

 

Bedding
A custom handmade or manufactured materials used on a bed for utilitarian purposes

 

Bed sheet
A square panel of fabric w/ or w/o elastic edge used to encase the top mattress on a bed

 

Bed skirt
Fabric bedding treatment, which spans bet. the upper & lower mattress beginning beneath a comforter to touch the floor. (to cover the bottom part of a bed with sewn fabrics)

 

Bedspread
A fabric bedding treatment that covers a top mattress

 

Bench
A long seat for several individuals, w/ or w/o a back support; workable for machinery

 

Bench-made
One artisan creates a piece of furniture from start to finish

 

Bench seat
A built-in bench

 

Bentwood
A wood steamed and bent to form a structural member of a furniture

 

Bergeré chair
An overstuffed French upholstery chair with exposed wood frame; an armchair with closed arms; a chair with curvy wood frame or “bones”, & with soft padded cushions

 

Bevel
The slopping on the edge of a material (mirror) that diminishes the apparent size of the surface; it provides play of light and shade on the material

 

Beveled edge
A slanted and polished edge detail used on wood, stone, glass, etc.

 

Bibliotheque
A cabinet that stores literary and artistic materials

 

Board and Batten
A barn like exterior siding constructed of 12″ wide vertical boards joined side-to-side with smaller 1/2″ – 1″ boards covering the joints

 

Bobeche
A glass ring added at the base of a candle to gather was or on the base of an electrified chandelier candle-cover to dangle prisms

 

Bolster
A cylindrical shaped pillow (w/ or w/o tassels, & trims)

 

Bombé
An outward swelling of a commodes, bureaus, and armoires

 

Bookcase
A chest constructed with several open shelves to hold books and accessories

 

Book match
A method for a veneer, glued together to create a mirror image pattern

 

Bow front
A convex cabinet front

 

Bowed
A board that does not sit flat, warped

 

Box spring cover
A fabric sleeve constructed to hide box springs, often gathered with elastic on the underneath side

 

Box springs
Wire coils connected to one another with an outer metal frame, often padded and encased in quilted fabric

 

Boulle work
Applied to form a marquetry, veneer of tortoiseshells and brass, sometimes with other materials

 

Bracket
A decorative or structural (upside-down L-shape) projection of wood, iron, marble, polyurethane, or other materials to support overhangs, cantilevered objects; corbel

 

Breakfront
A large cabinet where the center section projects beyond the two side sections

 

Brushed finish
A fabric finishing process using an abrasive surface creating a raised nap on the surface

 

Buffet
A linear furniture piece with storage for flatware; can also be use as a counter for serving

 

Bullion fringe
A long, twisted, heat-set, multi-ply fringe often used on upholstery

 

Bullnose edge
A thick, round edge detail usually for counter tops or other areas with edges

 

Bun foot
A furniture leg shaped like a bun or series of flatten balls

 

Bureau
An american dresser or French writing desk

 

Burled wood
A hardwood w/ swirling growth patterns, used as a veneer for inlays

 

Burn out
A fabric composed of 2 fibers chemically printed to dissolve one of the fibers, leaving a see-through design or a positive/ negative appearance

 

Butt joint
A woodworking joint for decorative purposes; 2 pieces of wood are joined together

Cabinet
A free-standing / built-in furniture w/ shelves & drawers for display and storage

 

Cabinetry
A combination of built-in cabinets

 

Cabriole leg
A carved wood furniture leg that resembles an animal’s hip, thigh, & ankle, curving outward at the knee & tapering inward at the ankle (finished w/ foot, claw or a rounded pad)

 

Camelback Sofa
A sofa style with a hump or a large rise that resembles a camel’s back

 

Candelabra
A decorative candle holders, can also be electrified

 

Cantilever
A projecting structural member supported on a fulcrum, held in a place by a downward force behind the leverage point

 

Carpentry
A process by w/c woodwork materials are manufactured and produced

 

Carve
Adorn objects by cutting wood w/ sharp handheld instruments

 

Case goods
Furniture pieces primarily constructed of wood

 

Casement cloth
A semi-sheer, translucent, or opaque novelty fabric, in neutral color ways

 

Casework
Custom woodwork of all parts that constitutes a finished case (e.g. cabinet)

 

Cast Iron
Molten iron poured into a mold to create multiple castings (vern. pundido)

 

Chair
An individual seat constructed w/ a backrest, w/ 4 supporting legs or so

 

Chair rail/ Dado
Any material in a horizontal trim installed on the wall in a room, usually 30″ / 762mm off the floor; used in large walls, further adorned with bead board, trim, wallpaper, or contrasting colors below and above

 

Chaise lounge
Long reclining chair or sofa

 

Chifferobe
A large furniture wardrobe with drawers

 

Chinoiserie
A style of art depicting Asian/ Chinese motifs popular in France and England

 

Chiseled
Stone shaped by a sharp hand tool

 

Classic
Designs having withstood the test of time; classical proportions in architecture; classy or sleek

 

Claw foot
A carved end of a furniture leg resembling an animal’s claw

 

Closet
A free-standing furniture, sheetrock enclosure or custom made cabinetry implemented to store belongings, fitted with drawers, rods, & racks

 

Coffee table
A low table placed in front of a sofa for coffee

 

Collage
Patterns, images, and textures joined together in a surface to show another image, decoupage contrasting

 

Combing
A faux painting technique the teeth of the tool is dragged onto wet paint creating striations

 

Comforter
A bedcover with 2 fabric layer stitched down filled with a down or synthetic fiber fill

 

Commode
A cabinet or chest, typically raised off the floor with a legs, w/c can hold a wash basin or chamber pot

 

Concealed hinge
A hinge attached to a frame and door from the inside, making it invisible from the outside

 

Console
A carved decorative bracket; a control panel for monitoring electrical equipment usage

 

Console table
A table supported by ornamental consoles

 

Contemporary
A design style with simple lines, curves and geometric patterns

 

Continental pillow
A 24″ European square decorative pillow, often used in sets of 3 on a king bedding as a backrest for a bank of pillows

 

Cording
A machine-made or handmade decorative binding

 

Corner cabinet
A built-in or independently crafted cabinet designed to fit tightly into the corner of a room, often symmetrically flaking 2 sides of a room

 

Couch
Upholstered furniture used for seating or reclining; sofa

 

Counter
A horizontal work space that can be built-in or free-standing; 29″ for seat ht., 36″-39″ for standing ht.

 

Coverlet
A decorative bedspread or bed covering

 

Crackle
A surface finish creating a glaze of fine cracks; a fake crack texture

 

Craft
A handmade object; or hand-fabricated

 

Credenza
A linear wood chest, may have shelves and drawers, usually used in commercial spaces as other work space for computers, or sideboard or buffet in residential spaces

 

Cremone bolt
A French surface mounted finish locking hardware with a sliding knob, operated by the center knob, in which the rod goes opposite directions to lock

 

Crown molding
Molding installed between the wall and the ceiling, applied at the top of case goods

 

Curio cabinet
A slender display cabinet with glass shelves

 

Curly
Undulating (wave-like) grain in wood, ribbon spiral

 

Curve
A smooth continuous line deviating from a straight line (arch, wave, etc.)

 

Cushion
A soft pillow or padding

 

Custom
Made-to-order

 

Cut glass
A clear glass ornamentation cut by a diamond wheel to create decorative pattern on the glass, sometimes combined with etched glass patterns.
Note: the art of creating hand-cut glass ornamentation on a curved glass surface has been lost; a method where a large curved glass panel is manipulated, suspended in a sling, over a diamond cutting wheel to create patterns

Dacron wrap
Wrapping foam cushions with synthetic polyester layers for padding

 

Dado
A decoration on the lower portion of the wall, between the baseboard and the chair rail; section of a column pedestal above the base

 

Dado joint
Woodworking joint where a groove is cut across the grain and another board is fitted into the groove

 

Decoupage
The art of decorating a surface with cut-outs, papers, memorabilia, that are sealed with lacquer or varnish for protection

 

Decoration
Embellishment, ornamentation

 

Dentil
A molding pattern that is rectangular/ square blocks that are equally spaced along the surface creating a “teeth” motif

 

Depth
The overall measurement of an object from front to back

 

Design
Executing, creating artistic arrangement skillfully

 

Desk
A horizontal or slanted working surface with storage, most often 29-30″ high (736mm)

 

Detail
A drawing in a larger scale, showing a portion or a part of a drawing, indicating the components all in all; specified markings

 

Diagonal cabinet
A corner wall cabinet

 

Dimension
Spatial qualities; measurements or height, length, width

 

Distressed
A finish technique creating an aged patina, uneven or worn appearance

 

Dobby
A mechanical attachment on a loom to weave geometric patterns

 

Dobby weave
A small symmetrical pattern repeats, formed by adjusting the harness attached to on a plain loom

 

Dovetail joint
A furniture joinery technique of interlocking “wedge” shaped finger cut-outs

 

Dowel
A round wood or metal pin used to reinforce furniture construction

 

Drawer
A wooden box, upper side open with a handle, function to be pulled out horizontally w/in a cabinetry or furniture

 

Dresser
A horizontal cabinet with drawers and usually with back paneled mirror, designed to store clothes, & personal items (bureau)

 

Drop match pattern
Patterns where every other repeat (side to side) is dropped down one half of its length

 

Dust ruffle
A custom fabric bedding treatment applied between upper and lower mattress, touching the floor. (bed skirt)

 

Duvet cover
A fabric casing for a comforter or soft fill

Eclectic
A design style that utilizes elements from multiple style sources
 

Eight-way hand-tied
Coiled springs used in furniture construction, knotted with twine from front to back, side to side and diagonally, interlocking adjacent coils

 

Embossed
Raised ornament work/ 3d like design impressed on a surface; fabric created by rolling goods between engraved cylinders

 

Embossing
The act of creating raised effect on the surface

 

Enamel
A hard, glossy surface finish

 

End lap joint
A strong woodworking joint where two boards are rabbeted and joined

 

Engraving
A block, print or surface made from an etched or engraved plate

 

Entertainment center
Cabinetry designed specifically to house for TV and audio items

 

Epergne
A decorative centerpiece having a stand that holds branches where dishes and flowers can be displayed

 

Ergonometrics
Study that deals with space planning in relationship with man’s activities, behaviors, and movements

 

Ergonomic
Products, methods, equipment, designed by scientific analysis of human function to enhance and improve health, safety and welfare

 

Escritoire
A writing desk (vern. eskritoryo)

 

Escutcheon
A protective plate installed behind door knobs, or as a key hole cover

 

Étagère
A tall, open shelving unit to display accessories, a hanging or standing shelves that is open in all sides

 

Etch
A design on metal, glass, etc. using wax or film created by revealing specific areas with a special needle/ tool; applying an etching material for frosted appearance

 

Etching
An etched plate, drawing or design (etched glass)

 

Euro shams
Square pillow shams, 24″x24″ used in combination with other bed pillows

 

Exposed hinge
A visible hinge attached to the door, and frame

 

Extruded
Materials forced through a machinery die to form a specific shape (i.e. synthetic fiber)

Fabricated
An item created; produced
 

Fabrication
The process of creating or producing an item

 

Faux bois
Reproducing or re-interpreting a painted wood grain finish, and furnishings; objects imitating wood logs, branches, and bark textures

 

Festoon
A carved stone/ wood garland of fruits and flowers; folded window treatment

 

Fiber saturation point
Refers to the limit reached of a wood when hygroscopic water remains

 

Fiberboard
A board compressed of wood shavings and glue

 

Figure pattern
Refers to the design of timber produced on smooth longitudinal surfaces; rays, growth rings, change in color and texture

 

Finial
A decorative finish hardware of any material, used to cap drapery rods, newel posts, furnishings; used as a crowning ornament for furniture/ architecture

 

Finish
Refers to the final material outcome or treatment on a surface

 

Finishes
Different types of final treatments, coatings, stains, etc. on a surface

 

Finishing
A fabric manufacturing process including weaving, printing, bleaching, dyeing, heat setting, napping, embossing , pressing, calendaring, or coating for fire-retardant/ waterproofing

 

Finish schedule
Documents detailing doors, windows, furniture, room finishes, and other components for clarification for construction purposes

 

Finish hardware
Refers to hardware such as hinges, locks, catches, that has finished appearance, functional fittings for doors, windows, cabinetry

 

Fitting
Pertains to either pipe part, window hardware, decorative or functional hardware, or to building components that are fixed but not built-in

 

Flooring
Synonymous for floor covering

 

Fluting
Decorative parallel grooves, concave, and semi-circular in section on classical columns and frieze

 

Foam back
A product with a laminated polyurethane foam backing

 

Foam core board/ foam board
A stiff Styrofoam sealed on front and back w/ laminated paper

 

Fret
A classical geometric ornamentation pattern that is repeated within the border

 

Fretwork
A Victorian machine-made wood work panels with different shapes that are intricate, openwork design; a Chinese lattice work

 

Full-sizing
A drafted elevation or pattern of an item in its actual size for comprehensive production guide

 

Furnishings
Are items including accessories, cabinets, furniture, window treatments, lighting, upholstery, etc.

 

Furniture
Any free standing or built-in object that is constructed to be functional, it may be for seating, writing, storing, and other parts of human life

 

Furniture layout
Is the positioning and arrangement of furniture, accessories that are space planned

 

Futon bed
A convertible frame with a mattress that can be use either as a sofa or a bed

Gate-leg table
A table with a drop leaf and a movable leg that supports the leaf when swung into, and retracted to let the leaf stay down
 

Gilded
An object that has a very thin gold overlay

 

Gilding
The act of overlaying thin gold film in an object ; or applying coating of gesso with gold leaf

 

Gingerbread
A term with elaborate lathe-turned or carved wood that adorns victorian structures, including brackets, posts, fretwork, pilasters, etc.

 

Girandoles
An embellished mirror with a pair of sconces installed permanently

 

Glazed chintz
A resin finish applied through a heat pressure process to chintz creating a polished surface

 

Gold leaf
A thin gold that is used to for gilding; usually applied over a red primer to increase vibrancy and luster

 

Greige, gray, grey goods
Are unfinished and unbleached woven goods

 

Grommet
Are two round metal sleeves that protects an eyelet; another term for “hole”

 

Guilloche
A decorative pattern of interlacing curves

Half-lap joint
A woodworking joint that one end is rabbeted and the other board is dadoed somewhere in the middle
 

Hand forged
An iron heated and formed by means of hands e.i. wrought iron

 

Hardboard
A material made from wood fibers compressed into sheets, having many household and industrial uses.

 

Hardware
Any material that is added to mechanize the operation of cabinetry, drawers, doors (ie cremona bolt)

 

Hardwood
A wood plank from a dense and strong slow-growing tree

 

Heartwood
It is a part of a tree trunk used to produce lumber, usually darker in color when it goes old and harder

 

Highboy
A tall queen Anne style chest of drawers with legs

 

High low
A multi-level pile heights

 

High-style
Any fashion or style that is up-to-date and costly

Inlay
It is a an ornamentation process whereas to set one material into the surface of another creating a pattern; inserting any material like ivory, stone, or shells to a surface;
is a decorative technique of inserting pieces of contrasting, often colored materials into depressions in a base object to form patterns
 

Interior trim
Refers to the linear objects like baseboard, railing, molding, window and door trim

 

Ironwork
Decorative hand-forged iron and cast grilles and etc.

Jacobean
A 17th century embroidered crewel work imitating a stylized floral pattern
 

Japanning
A finishing method of successive application of lacquer to an item from Japan and China

 

Joinery
A various method of connecting a material to another: butt, dovetail, dowel, mortise;  A craft assembling woodworking joints

KD
Kiln dried specification of a wood
 

Knock-down

A furniture sold in parts to be assembled, also referred as KD

Lacquer
A synthetic coating dried to form a protective film
 

Laminated
A cloth and synthetic layers bonded together to improve appearance and performance

 

Lamination
A method/process of bonding one layer to another under heat or pressure to be united

 

Lap desk
A wooden hinged box that when flipped open, provides a slanted writing surface; usually with leather or tooled inset

 

Lattice
A crisscross diagonal pattern

 

Leather
It is a preserved and tanned hide of an animal

 

Leather-like
A reproduction of material emulating an animal hide

 

Leatherette
A man-made leather and has a different kinds of colors

 

Linen fold
A Tudor carved wood detail representing fabric folds on paneling

 

Loveseat

An upholstered seat with arms and back rest that is for two

Marbleized
A faux finishing technique imitating a real marble
 

Marquetry
It is the art of inlaying different woods, and other natural materials to create a picture.

 

Matte finish
A finish that is not glossy or shiny

 

MDF
Medium Density Fiberboard

 

Miter Joint
Are two boards are cut at a 45 degree angle and joined e.i. photo frame

 

Measurement
A specific unit of measure to compute for length, area, distance and etc.

 

Metal Finish
Are real or imitated metal finishes including brass, bronze, chrome, steel, zinc, etc.

 

Metallic Finish
A metal finish with iridescent and reflective qualities

 

Millwork
A ready-made woodwork manufactured at a lumber mill

 

Mirror
A glass panel with mercury backing that reflects anything, it is often framed

 

Mitered corner
Any material, wood, fabric folded or joined to create a 45 degree angle

 

Modesty Panel
A panel used on furniture to conceal view

 

Moisture content
Refers to the water present in a wood and is expressed as a percentage of weight of oven dry wood

 

Mold
It is a form that when used reproduces multiple work of the same patterns from it; plaster, cement, plastic, etc.

 

Molded
It is the result created by a mold

 

Mortise
A slot cut into a piece of wood; it is where the tenon fits snugly into it to create a strong joinery

 

Motion upholstery
A soft seating offering swivels, recliners, and incliners

 

Murphy bed

A framed mattress that can be folded, or raised up to be concealed in a wall or a cabinet

Nail-head trim
Is upholstery detail using a series of decorative tacks
 

Niche

A crevice or recess part of a wall

Occasional table
A generic term used for any small table
 

Ogee edge
An edge detail with a “S” profile

 

Opaque
It is what you call any material or surface that the light can’t pass through

 

Ormolu
A cast brass, chiseled and gold-gilded decorative mountings for furniture

 

Ornament
A decorative object or a design added to an object

 

Ornamentation
The act of applying purely decorative details on an object

 

Ottoman

A heavy fabric with pronounced crosswise ribs; it is a foot stool

Padding
A fabric or material used for creating cushion
 

Paint
A tinted liquid agent that coats a surface making it opaque

 

Painted
A surface fully or partially coated with paint

 

Painting
The act of applying and coating of a surface with paint; an object of art created with various types of paints

 

Paisley
An intricate interlocking curvilinear pattern from India

 

Parquetry
A geometric wood patterns inlaid in flooring and furniture

 

Particle board
Is also called as chipboard, it is a sheet that made up with wood chips glued and pressed to form under a high pressure and temperature

 

Partition wall
A non-structural dividing wall

 

Patina
A green film that forms in an aged copper or bronze due to the exposure of chemicals

 

Pattern
A repetitive or random arrangement of designs

 

Pattern repeat
Are increments between horizontal or vertical patterns repeated in fabric, wallcoverings, etc

 

Pedestal
Is a support or stand for an object of art

 

Period
A specific time in history

 

Pillow
A stuffed cushion object that is made in various shape and sizes

 

Pillow sham
A fabric cover designed to protect a pillow

 

Plastic
A molded or extruded compounds formed through a chemical process

 

Plyboard
A manufactured sheet of wood from a thin pile of veneers and solid slats on the middle core

 

Plywood
A several layers of thin wood veneers glued together one top to another forming a wood sheet

 

Polyester
A synthetic polymer fiber manufactured from coal, water and petroleum, and has a shrink, stretch, and wrinkling resistant properties

 

Polymer
A synthetic material composed of monomers

 

Polyurethane
A synthetic resin manufactured from polymers joined by urethane used in adhesives, carpet padding, plastics, etc.

 

Pouf
A fabric gathered into a puff; a round upholstered tufted ottoman seen in the dressing area

 

Primer
The first application of paint to seal or prepare the wall surface

 

Proportion
Is the comparative relationship between elements or objects in ratio, balance, degree

 

Prototyping

Is a reference to the production of a 3d sample design, either full-sized or re-scaled

Quarter-sawn
Are logs cut in quarters lengthwise to reveal intricate wood grain patterns

Rabbet joint
A cut into the edge of a board (w/c can be joined to another board w/o notches)
 

Reeding
A carved wood detail combining a series of thin, parallel, convex lines used as inlay or applied carving

 

Relief
A raised ornament

 

Repoussé
A decorative metalwork outlined and embossed, hammered or punched on the back side

 

Retro
A term used for the style or fashion during 1940’s-1960’s

 

Ribbon
A thin band of fabric with finished edges used to tie, trim or embellish

 

Rocaille
A French origin shell-covered rock work ornamentation

Sapwood
A younger and softer sap-containing and usually light colored portion of the woody stem
 

Scallop
A curved shapes repeated along the edge of an object

 

Seconds
A woven cloth with errors and flaws

 

Secretary
A cabinet hinged surface opening forward onto pull-out supports revealing chubby holes for writing materials with a bookcase, often with glass door cabinet above

 

Sectional
An elongated seating created with multiple connected units

 

Server
A furniture utilized in a dining area for storing and table services

 

Serpentine
Winding and curving back and forth like a serpent

 

Set match
Patterns set side by side on the same level

 

Settee
A light scaled, medium-sized or long bench

 

Shade
The quality of difference of any color from its original color

 

Shading
An effect, w/c appears along a seam of the same product, when ink is unevenly applied during the dying or printing process

 

Shoji screen
An oriental, geometric, wooden screen with rice paper panels

 

Sideboard
A case goods, often 36″ high, used for serving food and storing china

 

Sidelight
A stationary, vertical windows flanking an operating exterior door

 

Slipper chair
A low arm less upholstered chair with skirting usually used in a bedroom

 

Sofa
An upholstered seat usually with back and arm rest that can accommodate 3 or more people

 

Specification
A detailed outline with important notes that is necessary for the implementation or construction of a design

 

Spindle
A shaft that connects to a knob in a lockset; is a vertical post that supports in a stairway; is a decorative sticks in a wooden furniture

 

Straight-edge
A long metal ruler or tool used for trimming selvage edges, or marks and cuts straight lines

 

Suede
A tanned leather animal hide with the exterior layer removed and napped surface

 

Suede cloth
A synthetic woven textile with a brushed nap surface imitating a suede

 

Surround
An opening enclosed with decorative trim in all sides

Tabletop
A top surface of a table that can be of any material
 

Tambour
A solid wood, wood veneer, metallic face laminate, or cork, laminated to a tempered hardboard core with brown fabric backing

 

Technical working drawings
A set of visual presentations made through technical drafting for details and specifications

 

Tenon
A narrow piece of wood custom cut to fit in a mortise

 

Tete-a-tete
A specialty seating for two for an intimate conversation, it is often “S” shaped, but can be seen side by side

 

Throne
A chair foe the kings, cardinals for ceremonial occasions

 

Tongue and grove
A wood joinery with an extruded edge on a flat board which slips into a corresponding groove on an adjacent board

 

Torchier
A standing lamp with indirect upward lighting

 

Tortoise shell
A hard, black-brown mottled shell of turtles and tortoises used as inlay or imitated in other surface

 

Translucent
A semi-opaque surfaces, w/c diffuses light and partially obscuring a view

 

Transparent
Any material which light passes through, and is completely see-through

 

Trim
A decorative textile bands used for edging fabric or upholstery panels

 

Trumeau Mirror
A French mirror with decorative carvings and oil painting above it

 

Trundle bed
A daybed twin bed with a pull-out mattress

Upholstery
Materials used to make soft seating furniture

Varnish
A liquid coating applied to wood forming a protective thin sheet on the surface when applied
 

Veneer/ wood veneer
A paper-thin wood sheet that is installed on the surface of an object for decorative purposes

 

Veneer match
Are patterns created by placing thin slices of wood together featuring the grain in various combinations

 

Verdigris
A greenish patina found on aged brass, bronze or copper

 

Vermicelli
A random pattern of curving, squiggly lines

 

Vinyl
A fiber made w/ a compound polymer

 

Vitrine
A glass-sided display cabinet with glass shelves to highlight special collections

 

VOC
An acronym for Volatile Organic Compound

Wainscoting
A material applied to the bottom third of an interior wall
 

Wardrobe
A free standing or built-in cabinet for storing clothes

 

Windsor chair
A spindled-back, turned legged chair with rush seat

 

Wing-backed chair
A high back chair with protruding wings on sides of it, often with exposed carved cabriole legs

 

Wood furniture
A hand-crafted, or manufactured wooden case goods

 

Wood Grain
Refers to the general alignment or direction of fiber wood to the axis of the tree trunk

 

Woodwork
A handmade cabinetry or casing out of wood

 

Work station
Floor areas and furniture used by employees to do their tasks

 

Work surface
Any surface designed for accomplishing a task

 

Writing desk
A cabinet or piece of furniture incorporating built-in drawers and slots for pens, letters, etc.

 

Wrought iron
A heated, hammered, bent iron